Screen filter

Screen Filter ComparisonA screen filter is a type of filter using a rigid or flexible screen to separate sand and other fine particles out of water. Typical screen materials include stainless steel, polypropylene, nylon and polyester.

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Degassing

Coffee beans contain carbon dioxide immediately after roasting. The degassing starts right after roasting and is the process of seeping out the gasses from the beans. A lot of the CO2 leaves the beans in the first 24 hours after roasting, that is about 40%. Lighter roasts degass slower, whereas dark roasts degass faster. Gasses in the coffee beans is a sign of a freshly roasted coffee.

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Filtration

Filtration is commonly the mechanical or physical operation which is used for the separation of solids from fluids (liquids or gases) by interposing a medium through which only the fluid can pass. Oversize solids in the fluid are retained, but the separation is not complete; solids will be contaminated with some fluid and filtrate will contain fine particles (depending on the pore size and filter thickness).

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crema

Pulling espresso shot with naked portafilterEspresso crema is a brown, foamy layer on top of the brewed coffee. Crema is a mix of gas bubbles, and emulsified fats, which are the signature of a good espresso. The perfect crema is a reddish-brown foam, with tiny bubbles. If the bubbles are too big, the shot was incorrectly extracted. If the colour is too light is an under-extracted shot, and if it’s too dark, the shot is over-extracted.

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ristretto

Espresso shotRistretto is a short shot of espresso coffee made with the normal amount of ground coffee but extracted with about half the amount of water. Traditionally, a ristretto is extracted using the same amount of coffee grounds and water as a normale, but reducing the time to brew it. The result is a concentrated espresso with a different flavor and taste profile, and slightly lower caffeine content.

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