Brain damage

Last Updated on February 24th, 2018 by Dorian Bodnariuc“Brain damage” or “Brain Injury” (BI) is the destruction or degeneration of brain cells. Brain injuries occur due to a wide range …

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Ageing

Last Updated on February 24th, 2018 by Dorian BodnariucAgeing (British English) or aging (American English) is the accumulation of changes in a person over time. Ageing in humans refers to …

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Cholesterol

Last Updated on February 24th, 2018 by Dorian BodnariucCholesterol, from the Greek chole- and stereos (solid) followed by the chemical suffix -ol for an alcohol, is an organic molecule. It …

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Cafestol

Last Updated on August 13th, 2018 by Dorian BodnariucCafestol is a diterpene molecule present in coffee. A typical bean of Coffea arabica contains about 0.6% cafestol by weight. Cafestol is …

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Kahweol

Last Updated on September 4th, 2018 by Dorian BodnariucKahweol is a diterpene molecule found in the beans of Coffea arabica. It is structurally related to cafestol. Recent research suggests that …

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Heart

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The heart is a hollow muscle that pumps blood throughout the blood vessels by repeated, rhythmic contractions. It is found in all animals with a circulatory system. The term cardiac means “related to the heart” and comes from the Greek καρδιά, kardia, for “heart”.

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Osteoporosis

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Osteoporosis is a disease of bones that leads to an increased risk of fracture. In osteoporosis, the bone mineral density (BMD) is reduced, bone microarchitecture deteriorates, and the amount and variety of proteins in bone are altered.

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Dementia

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Dementia (taken from Latin, originally meaning “madness”, from de- “without” + ment, the root of mens “mind”) is a serious loss of global cognitive ability in a previously unimpaired person, beyond what might be expected from normal ageing.

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Cancer

Last Updated on February 24th, 2018 by Dorian BodnariucCancer, known medically as a malignant neoplasm, is a broad group of various diseases, all involving unregulated cell growth. In cancer, cells …

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Hypertension

Last Updated on February 24th, 2018 by Dorian BodnariucHypertension (HTN) or high blood pressure, sometimes called arterial hypertension, is a chronic medical condition in which the blood pressure in the …

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Diabetes mellitus

Last Updated on February 24th, 2018 by Dorian BodnariucDiabetes mellitus, or simply diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar, either because the …

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Stomach

Last Updated on September 4th, 2018 by Dorian BodnariucThe stomach is a muscular, hollow, dilated part of the digestion system which functions as an important organ of the digestive tract …

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Caffeine

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Caffeine is a bitter, white crystalline xanthine alkaloid that acts as a stimulant drug. Caffeine is found in varying quantities in the seeds, leaves, and fruit of some plants, where it acts as a natural pesticide that paralyzes and kills certain insects feeding on the plants, as well as enhancing the reward memory of pollinators.

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