Coffea arabica is a species of Coffea indigenous to the forests of the southwestern highlands of Ethiopia. Coffea Arabica is also known as the coffee shrub of Arabia, or Arabica coffee.
Arabica coffee is believed to be the first cultivated species of coffee. It accounts for 75–80% of the world’s coffee production, and it is the choice for brewing the coffee beverage. The caffeine content ranging from 0.9 to 1.7% of bean’s volume, but there are strains with even lower caffeine level.
Coffea arabica is said to produce better coffee than the other major commercially grown coffee species, Coffea Canephora, widely known as Robusta. However, tastes vary, and low quality of Arabica can taste worse than high quality Robusta.